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How to Conjugate the 25 Most Common Spanish -IR Verbs 

by Melody Li
Speaking Spanish on beach in Mexico

If you’re just starting to dip your toes into Spanish, it’s a good idea to start with a small goal—like expressing your thoughts in complete sentences. And no sentence is complete without a verb, which is why it’s critical to learn the most common Spanish verbs.

In Spanish, verbs are classified by their endings:

  • -AR verbs, e.g., trabajar and hablar 
  • -ER verbs, e.g., comer and leer 
  • -IR verbs, e.g., vivir and dormir 

Though -IR verbs are not as common as -AR and -ER verbs in Spanish, the chances of an -IR verb making its way into conversations are still high. 

You’re probably asking: How would I know what goes on in Spanish conversations without participating in them? With Rosetta Stone Spanish, you can! Every lesson helps you learn useful phrases and practice saying complete sentences that you’ll actually use in the real world. 

Before that, we’ll give you a preview of all the verbs you can learn with Rosetta Stone. Let’s walk through the 25 most common Spanish -IR verbs and how to conjugate them! 

Spanish conjugation basics

When you see a verb in Spanish that ends in -AR, -ER, or -IR, they are in their infinitive form. But if you want to express that these actions are done by different subjects (you, he, they, etc.) or in different tenses (present, past, future, etc.), the verbs need to be conjugated. 

That might sound complicated, but don’t tense up! Conjugation is simply the process of changing a verb to reflect the subject and verb tense. 

In fact, you already know how to conjugate verbs in English. For example, English verbs in the past tense have “-ed” endings, like “shopped” or “played,” and verbs in the present progressive tense have “-ing” endings, like “shopping” or “playing.” 

The same concept applies to Spanish: Spanish verbs have different endings for different tenses. 

How to conjugate Spanish -IR verbs 

There are 18 different verb tenses in Spanish, but for beginners, learning how to conjugate verbs in these three tenses is enough to get you started: 

  • Present: express actions happening now or regularly (“I bike to school.”)
  • Preterite: express actions that have been completed in the past (“I biked to school this morning.”)
  • Future: express actions that will happen in the future (“I will bike to school later.”)

-IR verb conjugation in the present tense

To conjugate -IR verbs in the present tense, remove the “-ir” ending and add the following endings: 

Subject pronounPresent tense

you (informal)
él, ella, usted
he, she, you (formal)
nosotros, nosotras
vosotros, vosotras
you all (informal, Spain only)
ellos, ellas, ustedes
they, you all (formal)

Here is how the verb escribir (to write) looks in the present tense: 

yo escriboI writenosotros escribimoswe write
tú escribes you (informal) writevosotros escribísyou all write 
él/ella/usted escribehe/she writes
you (formal) write 
ellos/ellas/ustedes escribenthey write
you all (formal) write

-IR verb conjugation in the preterite tense

To conjugate -IR verbs in the preterite tense, remove the “-ir” ending and add the following endings: 

Subject pronounPreterite tense

you (informal)
él, ella, usted
he, she, you (formal)
nosotros, nosotras
vosotros, vosotras
you all (informal, Spain only)
ellos, ellas, ustedes
they, you all (formal)

This is what the verb escribir (to write) looks like in the preterite tense: 

yo escribíI wrotenosotros escribimoswe wrote
tú escribiste you (informal) wrotevosotros escribisteisyou all wrote 
él/ella/usted escribhe/she wrote
you (formal) wrote 
ellos/ellas/ustedes escribieronthey wrote
you all (formal) wrote

-IR verb conjugation in the future tense

Conjugating verbs in the future tense is a bit different from the previous two tenses. Instead of removing the “-ir” ending, simply add the following endings to the entire infinitive form: 

Subject pronounFuture tense
you (informal)
él, ella, usted
he, she, you (formal)
nosotros, nosotras
vosotros, vosotras
you all (informal, Spain only)
ellos, ellas, ustedes
they, you all (formal)

For example, here is what the verb escribir (to write) looks like in the future tense: 

yo escribiréI will writenosotros escribiremoswe will write
tú escribirásyou (informal) will writevosotros escribiréisyou all will write 
él/ella/usted escribíahe/she will write
you (formal) will write 
ellos/ellas/ustedes escribiránthey will write
you all (formal) will write

15 common regular -IR verbs in Spanish

Regular -IR verbs will always follow the conjugation patterns outlined above. Here is a list of -IR verbs that are good to know for everyday conversations

  1. abrir = to open
  2. añadir = to add
  3. compartir = to share 
  4. decidir = to decide
  5. describir = to describe
  6. discutir = to discuss
  7. dividir = to divide 
  8. escribir = to write
  9. existir = to exist 
  10. ocurrir = to occur
  11. partir = to leave
  12. permitir = to permit
  13. recibir = to receive
  14. sufrir = to suffer
  15. vivir = to live

10 most common irregular -IR verbs in Spanish

On the other hand, irregular -IR verbs don’t follow the same conjugation rules. Irregular verbs might take more time and effort to learn, but shouldn’t be overlooked as they are actually more common than regular verbs. Here is a list of 10 of the most important irregular -IR verbs that you will use. 

We’ve also provided the conjugation of these common irregular verbs in the present tense. To see how to conjugate irregular verbs in other tenses, you can look them up in a reliable conjugation dictionary like SpanishDictionary

1. ir = to go

yo voynosotros vamos
vasvosotros vais
él/ella/usted vaellos/ellas/ustedes van

Example sentences:

  • ¡Vamos a la playa! = Let’s go to the beach!
  • ¿Vas al médico cuando estás enfermo? = Do you go to the doctor when you’re sick? 

2. oír = to hear

yo oigonosotros oímos
oyesvosotros oís
él/ella/usted oyeellos/ellas/ustedes oyen 

Example sentences:

  • Los niños aprenden palabras que oyen en su entorno. = Children pick up words they hear in their environment. 
  • ¿Por qué no oímos lo que el grupo tiene para decir? = Why don’t we hear what the group has to say?

3. seguir = to follow 

yo sigonosotros seguimos
siguesvosotros seguís
él/ella/usted sigueellos/ellas/ustedes siguen 

Example sentences:

  • No sigo tu lógica. = I don’t follow your logic. 
  • Mi perro me sigue. = My dog follows me. 

4. venir = to come 

yo vengonosotros venimos
vienesvosotros venís
él/ella/usted vieneellos/ellas/ustedes vienen 

Example sentences:

  • Cada vez que venimos es un desastre. = Every time we come here, it’s a disaster.
  • ¿Por qué no venís a cenar mañana? = Why don’t you all come for dinner tomorrow?

5. decir = to say, to tell

yo digonosotros decimos
dicesvosotros decís
él/ella/usted diceellos/ellas/ustedes dicen 

Example sentences:

  • Dices eso ahora, pero ¿qué tal en 30 años? = You say that now, but what about in 30 years?
  • Mi mamá dice que necesitamos dormir ahora. = My mom says we need to sleep now. 

6. pedir = to ask for, to order

yo pidonosotros pedimos
pidesvosotros pedís
él/ella/usted pideellos/ellas/ustedes piden

Example sentences:

  • Pido tacos de pescado del restaurante de la calle. = I order fish tacos from the restaurant down the street.
  • ¿Por qué no le pides que juegue con nosotras? = Why don’t you ask her to play with us?

7. repetir = to repeat

yo repitonosotros repetimos
repitesvosotros repetís
él/ella/usted repiteellos/ellas/ustedes repiten 

Example sentences:

  • Mi hijo pequeño repite todo lo que su hermano dice. = My younger son repeats everything his brother says.
  • Los niños repiten lo que hacen las personas mayores. = Children repeat what older people do.  

8. sentir = to feel

yo sientonosotros sentimos
sientesvosotros sentís
él/ella/usted sienteellos/ellas/ustedes sienten 

Example sentences:

  • Me siento como un turista en mi propia ciudad. = I feel like a tourist in my own city.
  • Los dos sentís lo mismo. = You both feel the same way.

9. vestir = to dress, to wear

yo vistonosotros vestimos
vistesvosotros vestís
él/ella/usted visteellos/ellas/ustedes visten 

Example sentences:

  • ¿Cómo te vistes para el trabajo? = How do you dress for work?
  • ¡Nos vestimos para impresionar! = We dress to impress!

10. dormir = to sleep

yo duermonosotros dormimos
duermesvosotros dormís
él/ella/usted duermeellos/ellas/ustedes duermen 

Example sentences:

  • ¿Duermes en clase? = Do you sleep in class?
  • Los bebés duermen menos que los adolescentes. = Babies sleep less than teenagers.

A better way to learn verbs in Spanish

There are more Spanish verbs than we can list, but there are also more ways to effectively learn Spanish than memorizing conjugation tables. In fact, the best way to learn a language and get conversation-ready is through immersive learning. 

And Rosetta Stone’s Dynamic Immersion approach to language learning helps you do just that! With real-world topics and real-time pronunciation feedback, you can learn everything you need to speak confidently—in a way that feels natural and fun. 

Start your first Spanish lesson today at rosettastone.com

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